Pituitary gland is a small gland attached to the hypothalamus, the hormone that controls the supply of vital functions. Pituitary gland produces a hormone that is needed to adapt to stress. In addition, the pituitary gland regulate the secretion of thyroid hormones, gonadal, and parathyroid. Secretion of hormones, such as other homeostatic mechanisms, normally regulated by a feedback mechanism that continuously monitor the hormone levels in the blood. When hormone levels decline, the pituitary gland receives the message to increase the secretion of hormones. When hormone levels rise, the pituitary gland decreases the production of hormones.
Pituitary gland is located in a curve selatursika bone at the bone wedge and produces various hormones that regulate the activities of other glands. Therefore, the pituitary gland called the master gland. Pituitary gland is divided into three parts, namely the anterior, middle, and posterior parts.
Adenoma (tumor gland) in the form of pituitary tumors in the pituitary gland that causes excess production of TSH that stimulate the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones become excessive. Tirotropin (English: thyrotropin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH) is a hormone that functions to maintain growth and development of the thyroid gland and is a stimulator for the secretion of T4 and T3 hormone produced by the gland.  Hormones tirotropin is glikoproten and has two subunits, ie subunit a (alpha) and b (beta)
Liberation Adenohipofisis controlled by the hypothalamic hormone. Cells - the cells in the hypothalamus to secrete hormones neurosekresi liberator and the inhibiting hormone, into the capillary network located in the pituitary stem. Hormone-containing blood was flowing through the vessels - the short portal vessels into the second capillary network in the anterior pituitary. In response to specific hormone liberator, cells - endocrine cells in the anterior pituitary to secrete certain hormones into the circulation.
Thyroid gland is a kind of endocrine gland located at the top .... Symptoms: Abdomen tense or pain (moderate / severe). lymph nodes = Lymph glands are glands containing lymph nodes that contain protein, fat and a large number of lymphocytes (white blood cells) where it acts like a filter lymphocytes that make antibodies unt capture foreign organisms (such as bacteria, viruses) that cause infections in unt destroy / prevent it spreading.
Lymph nodes tend to be clustered in the armpits eg, dileher n dipangkal thigh.
= lymph fluid circulation of the lymphatic system, circulates through the lymphatic and bring pembulu lymph nodes around the body back through the lymph nodes, etc., etc..
Swelling occurs usually occur infection and swelling will subside if the infection is resolved.
but if the swelling is accompanied by symptoms such as fever, night sweats, weight loss and reduced appetite, pale, persistent fatigue is also sometimes accompanied by short breathing batuk2 we need to hold further examination because of possible lymphoma or cancer of the affected lymph nodes.
Excess proteinuntuk healthy people / does not affect normal, just aman2
This excess will be stored in other forms such as the fat.
BUT for the sick, such as impaired attention in the kidney it is necessary to consume protein karenadapan aggravate an already sick of the kidneys.
As we know protein is very important as the staple formation of the body and the amount adalh sel2 No. 2 after the water, as well as antibody formation BHN. besides hormon2 in the body also contains high protein.
If we move further exercising ie the racing a lot more protein.
a. Anterior pituitary hormones produced
1. Somatrotof Hormones: Growth of cells and proteins anabolisme
2. Thyroid hormone (TSH): Controls the secretion of hormones by the thyroid gland
3. Adrenokortikotropik hormone (ACTH): Controls the secretion of several hormones by the adrenal cortex
4. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH):
a. In female: stimulates ovarian follicle growth and secretion of estrogen on
b. In the testis: to stimulate the testes to stimulate sperm
5. Luteinizing hormone (LH):
a. On Women: along with estrogen to stimulate ovulation and the formation of progesterone by the corpus luteum
b. In men: stimulates cell - interstitial cells in testes to grow and produce testosterone
6. Prolactin: Helping birth and maintain the secretion of milk by the mammary gland Pratiwi, regulation of anterior pituitary hormones / Adenohipofisis
b. Posterior pituitary hormones produced
1. Oxytocin: Stimulates contraction of smooth muscles in a woman's womb during childbirth
2. The hormone ADH: Lowering the volume of urine and increased blood pressure by narrowing blood vessels Pratiwi, posterior pituitary hormone regulation / neurohipofisis
Cells - the cells in the hypothalamus synthesizes neurosekresi hormone, ADH and oxytocin. Neurohipofisis release hormone into the blood, where the hormone is circulating. ADH binds to target cells in the kidney, oxytocin binding to target cells in the mammary gland and uterus
c. Intermediate pituitary hormones produced
1. Melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH): Affected individuals skin color.